Phyllostachys nigra, common name black bamboo, is a species of flowering plant in the bamboo subfamily of the grass family Poaceae, native to Hunan Province of China, and widely cultivated elsewhere.Growing up to 5 m (16 ft) tall by 3 m (10 ft) broad, it forms clumps of slender arching canes which turn black after two or three seasons. The abundant lance-shaped leaves are 4–13 cm (2–5 in) long. Numerous forms and cultivars are available for garden use. The species  and the form P. nigra f. henonis have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The form henonis is also known as Henon bamboo and as cultivar 'Henon'. It is used for lumber (timber), food, and musical instruments, among other things, in areas of China where it is native and also worldwide. Unlike golden bamboo, it is not considered an invasive species in the United States.
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- Botanical Name: Phyllostachys nigra
- USDA Zones: 7a,7b,8a,8b,9a,9b,10a,10b
- Water: Moderate
- Exposure: Full Sun,Partial Sun
- Mature Height: 20'-40'
- Mature Spread: 20'-50'
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