The Complete Diy Guide To Your Home Garden
Have you ever wanted to start a garden in your home? Wonder if you could actually start growing your own food? Convinced it'd cost you an arm and a leg, and be way more work than it's worth?
Then, I’ve good news for you! You can indeed have a beautiful and productive garden in your own backyard without having to spend a fortune. And the best part about it is that gardening is a rewarding hobby that brings joy to those who love it.
But, there are some challenges that come with gardening at home. For example, you may not have the time or space needed for growing all kinds of plants—or maybe you just don't know how to start!
Don't worry, the ShrubHub design experts are here to help you find the most creative food garden ideas, and make sure your new garden is not just beautiful, but also fun and useful for everyone involved!
Whether you're looking for tips on how to start your first garden or ways to improve your current garden, this guide has plenty of ideas and helpful tips to keep you growing all year round.
1. Get To Know Your Local Climate Zone
The most important step in planning your garden is to determine your local climate zone. This may sound like a lot of work, but it’s easy and fun!
First, Finally, find out what climate zone you live in. For example, if you live in zone 6b, it would be best for you to grow deciduous trees and shrubs such as dogwoods, magnolias or serviceberries. You could also plant evergreen trees such as eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana).
Now that you know which type of climate zone you live in, it's time to find out what kind of soil type you have at home. If your area has sandy soil or clay soil, this can make a huge difference when it comes to planting different types of plants and flowers.
A good way to determine if you have sandy or clay soil is by taking a handful of dirt from around your yard and squeezing it between your fingers until it forms a ball (or clump). If it breaks apart easily, then chances are good that your soil is sandy and won't retain water very well.
Finally, go online and find what kind of weather patterns you’ll likely experience during each season. You might also want to learn about microclimates that exist within your town or city limits
2. Work on Your Soil Composition
Now that you've addressed the basics, it's time to delve deeper into the science of soil composition. Soil consists of three main components: sand, silt, and clay. These are loosely defined as coarse-textured particles that range in size from 0.05 millimeters (0.002 inches) to 2 millimeters (0.08 inch).
This can be useful when thinking about your garden because each different kind of particle has its own chemical composition and water retention capabilities—meaning that if your garden soil is made up mostly of sand or clay, then it won't retain water very well.
If you suspect that your soil might have a low nutrient supply or poor texture for growing plants, there are several simple tests you can perform at home using common household items like eggshells and coffee filters.
If these tests reveal signs of an inadequate nutrient supply or poor texture for growing plants in general, then there are steps you can take to improve your situation such as adding compost or fertilizer (more on this later).
The Best Type of Soil to Use
The perfect type of soil to have should be light, sandy or sandy loam soil that is well-drained with a pH level between 6.5 and 7.5. This will ensure ample drainage so water doesn't sit on top of the ground causing root rot.
It also helps prevent fungi from flourishing due to too much moisture content in their environment (fungi love damp conditions).
Additionally, sandy or sandy loam soil is rich in organic matter which makes it more nutrient dense than clay soils. Plus, they're easier on plant roots because they're not heavy like clay tends to be.
3. Start Composting
Composting is a technique that can help you grow healthy plants. Composting uses organic materials like your kitchen scraps, yard waste and dead leaves to create nutrient-rich soil for your garden.
To get started, first make sure you have enough space in your backyard or garden area for building a compost pile.
Next, gather some materials to create compost from around the house:
- Cardboard egg cartons or cardboard boxes (cut into smaller pieces)
- Leaves from deciduous trees (such as maple or oak)
- Straw/hay bales
Then, leave the organic materials until they decompose. When finished, you can sprinkle the compost on the soil or mix it with it.
4. Choose Which Fruits, Herbs, and Veggies to Grow
Now comes the fun part: choosing which fruits, herbs, and vegetables to grow in your new organic food garden!
While it’s exciting to find new varieties of produce that are native to your area (and might otherwise be unavailable at the grocery store), there are also many benefits to growing plants that you’re already familiar with and enjoy eating.
For example, if you have kids or pets who love fresh tomatoes but can never seem to get enough out of season, growing them yourself is a fun way for them to eat as many as they want when they want.
Another thing you might want to consider is planting herbs that aren't as available in the supermarket. Growing herbs yourself means you’ll always have access to them without having to resort to buying expensive packaged varieties at the store. They’ll also taste much better than what you find at regular supermarkets.
When choosing plants to grow, don’t forget to check that they grow in your climate zone and can thrive in the soil type you have!
5. Choose a Spot for Your Garden
Now that you've decided what you want to grow, it's time to choose a spot for your garden. There are a few factors to consider before picking a certain place to start gardening, including sunlight, drainage, and the space required to grow a certain plant.
The first thing you should think about when choosing where your garden will go is how much sunlight it will receive over the course of the day.
You can check this on an online sun calculator or use this simple rule of thumb: if there's no shade from buildings or trees during most hours of the day (10am-4pm), then that's good! The more sunlight, the better your plants will grow and thrive in their new home.
Always check the ability of your plants to withstand direct sunlight as some plants might prefer partial shade, or full shade instead.
Drainage is important because it prevents water from pooling up around your plants' roots and drowning them. Even though most people think they have great drainage, there could be hidden pockets under ground or clogs in pipes where water isn't draining properly (especially after heavy rains).
If water collects at all points near your garden area but never seems to drain away completely, consider moving somewhere else with better drainage instead!
You don't want any standing water near these delicate seedlings; they might rot away before they can sprout up into beautiful plants!
Space Requirements & Ease of Accessibility
When deciding where to put your new crop stand, keep in mind that some plants need plenty of room to grow. So make sure that each plant gets a sufficient amount of space around it, especially if they're vining plants or trees.
6. Draw up a Garden Plan and Make a Sketch
This step is crucial because it will help you stay organized and make sure everything is in place before you start planting. If you have the time, use graph paper or tracing paper to draw out exactly where each vegetable, fruit, herb and flower will go so that there’s no confusion when it’s time for planting.
If space is limited, planting in containers is a great way to make the most of your garden. However, there are some things you need to consider before setting up any type of container garden
- Make sure you have enough space to accommodate the size of the container(s) that you choose and the plants within them.
- Make sure that your drainage system will be effective enough to properly drain water from each plant's root system out into the ground or compost pile.
- Make sure that the soil mix has enough nutrients for your plants' needs and that it drains well so as not to become waterlogged or overly-wet (which leads to disease).
7. Consider Building Raised Beds
If you have poor soil and are looking for a way to grow your own vegetables, the best way is to build raised beds. Raised beds can be made out of wood, stone or concrete.
If you decide to go with wood, it will definitely last longer than other materials but won't provide as much protection from ground moisture and erosion as stone or concrete would.
Raised beds are great for growing vegetables because they keep the roots from getting too wet. They can also keep them off the cold ground which can cause them to rot quickly if not harvested soon after the growing season ends. They may also help protect against pests like gophers who love eating freshly planted seeds!
How To Build a Raised Bed
The first step to building a raised garden bed is finding the right spot. A sunny, dry area is best. However, if you have lots of shade and/or water issues, it's OK to build your bed in a shady area that gets a little bit of sun each day.
You might also want to make sure there are no trees or other plants that can grow over your garden—you want to leave yourself plenty of room for planting!
Your next step will be excavating the ground underneath where you want to put your raised bed. This can be done with any kind of shovel.
8. Learn How to Extend Your Growing Season
If you want to be able to plant all year round, then consider extending your growing season by using a cold frame or hoop house.
A cold frame is simply an unheated greenhouse that is built over your garden. It can be made out of wood, masonite, or plastic, and you can use it to start seeds early in the year (or extend your growing season).
A hoop house is similar to a cold frame but with one major difference: it’s bigger and more permanent than a cold frame.
You probably won't move it around like you would a cold frame; instead, it's ideal for larger gardens that need protection from the elements over an extended period of time.
If you have no idea how to create either of these, then you might need the help of a professional. Let the design experts at Shrubhub take the lead and help you create the garden of your dreams!
Follow these steps and you will be ready for a successful home garden
I think we can all agree that home gardening is something of an art form. The idea of taking something so small and turning it into a beautiful, flourishing garden is truly inspiring.
However, the process can seem intimidating at first glance. Let me assure you: if you follow these steps, you will have a successful home garden!
We hope these DIY home garden ideas have been helpful in getting you started on your home garden. Now that you know the steps necessary for success, it is time to get started on your own project!
And as always, if you’re stuck scratching your head trying to figure out what to do with your garden, you can contact the landscape design experts at Shrubhub!